Our brain has a story making ability through a neural system that is continuously searching for and giving explanations for our perceptions and experiences, both internal and external.
We create some sort of meaning out of whatever we encounter, even when it is totally unrelated, our brain creates a story that relates it in a way that makes sense. (Rock, 2005).
Let’s say a girl is presented with pictures of an ant, snow, and grains, and we ask the girl what she saw, she would mention the ant, the snow and the grains, if we ask her for further explanations, she would make a story like “The ant will get ready for the winter by storing grains so that the ants will not starve when the snow comes.”
The girl is relating the images she saw with memories and information she learned before, creating a story that makes sense.
Our brain makes a logical model from our perceptions, our memories and experiences, our genetic information, then it compares it with our current perception and adjusts this model to the reality we are perceiving (Eagleman, 2011). In other words, we create a story in our mind and we corroborate its accuracy through our senses, which give us the status of the world we live in. Most of this story is created by our subconscious mind, and it is through consciousness that we compare it to our perceptions of the world around us and adjust it to fit such reality.
This interpretative system which provides our ability to reason is only present in humans. (Rock, 2005) This system is seeking for explanations that make sense, providing us with tools for survival. For example, animals learn that fire burns, so they learn to avoid and flee from fire; however humans not only learn that fire burns, but we also question how and why it burns, and in doing so we learn to figure out ways to avoid getting burned by it, and we even manage to use fire for our benefit as we control the risks. Our interpretative system makes congruence from scenes and information we get through experience.